During the twenty years since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented poultry meat and products trade between the United States and its NAFTA partners has “soared,” according to the “International Egg and Poultry Review” issued last week by Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). Between 1994 and 2013, exports of poultry meat and products rose 423 percent in value and 390 percent in volume. World exports increased 351 percent and 270 percent, respectively, during the same period.

On January 1, 1994, NAFTA, between the United States, Canada, and Mexico,  entered into force creating the world’s largest free trade area. All remaining duties and quantitative restrictions were eliminated as scheduled, on January 1, 2008, AMS reported.

Exports to Canada are constrained by Canada’s system of supply management. Most of the increase is due to strong export activity to Mexico. Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Mexico also contributed to strong demand over the past two years.
Canada’s agreement under the NAFTA is as follows:
NAFTA Agreement
 Product Percent  2013 TRQ
Hatching Eggs and Chicks 21.2 CYP* 142.1 million egg equivalent
Chicken 7.5 PYP* 77.7 million kilograms eviscerated
Turkey 3.5 CYP* 5.6 million kilograms eviscerated
Egg and Egg Products 2.988 21.4 million dozen

*CYP = anticipated current year’s production; PYP = previous year’s production

AMS noted that the United States has free trade agreements in force with 20 countries. These are:

Australia Colombia Guatemala Korea
Oman Bahrain Costa Rica Honduras
Mexico Panama Canada Dominican Republic
Israel Morocco Peru Chile
El Salvador Jordan Nicaragua Singapore

Source: www.ustr.gov, www.oie.int, and www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage.